Bass Recording Project


In this project I had to make my own bass line, this was kind of fun because I made mine so weird but cool at the same time. I kind of like it but it is really awkward. I just threw down some notes and I went off of that. It was quite simple and all I did was throw down notes so that saved time. I didn’t go for a specific sound. My bass line is awkward because it has sharps and flats which makes it sound weird. I really like it though!


My Bass line

My Bass line

Screenshot of my Bass Line

Bass Terms

Tonality: Makes western music sound different. Uses chords mostly.

Bass Notes

Bass is the youngest type of music.  Organs can go super low.  The Bass line can go down or up and the tune can go the opposite way.  This sounds very good to the ear.  You can steal songs from hundreds of years ago because there was no copyright law back then.

Sometimes two bass solos come together.  The synthesizer is the only keyboard that can get super low notes, these notes were found on the bass guitar.  That is pretty low.

What I learned and problems I solved

In this project I had to make a bass line that had a good sound to it. Mine sounds kind of awkward and really creepy. The Bass goes very high at some points and super low at others. I was going for an ominous sound.

During this class I have learned about myself and how I like to make ominous and mysterious melodies, harmonies, Rhythms, etc. I never knew this and I am kind of glad I found this out. I kind of am, not a lot though because it is still creepy.

Music Production Project


In this project I made a remix out of a remix.  What I did was scratch the disc multiple times.  At least 100 times. If not more.  I then turned the decibels up right before the beat dropped and before the beat dropped I made it more quiet.

I thought that helped the remix a lot.  I got that idea from Hannah and I thought that was very smart.  It really helps the remix to come alive.  This project has really taught me about music and how complex it is.  It is a great project and I had the most fun on it out of all of the other projects!

21st Century Skills Demonstrated

Creativity and Innovation

I showed Creativity and Innovation when I was brain storming.  I had goals for this project and at first I thought they were to big of goals.  I thought there was no chance of me making a remix or a song or anything I could call mine that was actually good.  When Mr Le Duc said if you imagine something in your head then you can accomplish that.  I had no idea that I would make what I have made.

I am very proud of it. Another way I showed Creativity and Innovation was I came up with a new style of music.  I have never heard the kind of music I have made.  I replaced the beat with scratching the record.

Personally I have never heard any music like that and I think I might be on to something.  I am probably not but that shows creativity.  Not to mention I went into this project never using this program!


Brainstorm that I made before doing this project on

Communication and Collaboration

I showed Communication and Collaboration when I asked Hannah over and over to listen to my composition.  This probably annoyed her but I had to! She really helped me and we talked a lot about our compositions.

She asked me stuff about her composition and I asked her stuff about my composition.  We talked about how we could improve our compositions, what we should take out, what we should leave in, etc.

We talked a lot during this project. Hannah even said that we worked a lot together even though we weren’t on the same team.  We were both independent. Her exact quote was “Ya we worked a lot”.

Giggling as she said this because she realizes that we worked together like the whole time.  I thought that was funny since we were both working independently on our projects.

Media Literacy

I showed Media Literacy by using very effective programs.

I used VirtualDJ 8 which is extremely difficult using if you have never used it in your life.  I used this program and made my own composition. I am also showing Media Literacy by publishing content on the blog you’re reading right now.  I am publishing content daily of my experience.

This all by itself shows I know how to use programs correctly and utilize them in an appropriate way.

I have also used, Sound Cloud, VirtualDJ 8, and more. You can check out my flickr account by just clicking on the brainstorm picture above!


Life Career Skills

I showed adaptability when I used a program I have never used before in my life.  The only thing I knew how to do on this program was drag a song and drop it to have it ready to remix and master.

That is literally all I knew how to do and that was from just reading drag song here.  I played for about an hour with the program.  My goal after an hour was up was to know how to use VirtualDj and have a basic idea of how the program works.

As you can see in the screenshot below all I had was the song and the rest was just nonsense to me.  I started playing around with the record and realized I could spin it to make it scratch.

I found out that this sounds really cool and I started replacing the beat with scratching the disc.

I also showed flexibility when I gave feedback to Hannah for her work and she actually used it which I thought was really cool.

Another way I show adaptability is when some people had to hook up a system to my computer so I couldn’t use it and I moved computers to help.  Scott Le Duc mentioned this and how I was very adaptable and flexible in the situation.

This is Scott Le Duc’s flickr account.  You should go check it out!


As you can see in the screenshot above, I knew nothing. I was playing with controls that I didn’t know.  For example I had no idea what gain was.  I watched some YouTube videos about it and found out what it does and that really helped the remix to come alive I think.

Hannah actually suggested that I before the beat drops increase the energy of the sound but not the volume.  That made the remix sound great and I never would of thought of that. Hannah said “During the build up you should increase the energy of the sound but not the volume, I think it will sound better!”  She was very nice about it and she was right!  Thanks Hannah.

A Day In My Life

This is Hannah’s blog and you should check it out. This is one of the best projects she has done and I highly advise you to go check her out!


Reactions to the Final Version

I had my partner Hannah do a reaction on my composition and she really liked it.  She said how it was very well put together.  When she was done listening to it I could see in her eyes that she was kind of like dang nice job.

I appreciated her reacting on it multiple times and giving me feedback.  We both did this for each other and I think we did a good job of giving each other good feed back.  She really liked my composition and I thought that was very cool!

Evaluation of the Final Version

I love this remix and I have listened to it probably 20 times at least! I like it cause it is mine and I made it but also because I think it has a great beat/scratching.

The maker of the original remix is very talented and I couldn’t have made this remix without him.  I love this remix and I think it is very good and that people could actually enjoy it!  I am really happy with it and proud of it!  This class has really helped me to get in the art of music and help me with music.


What I learned and problems I solved

Some problems at the start I had were I thought I could add the beats and I could add the rhythm but that is not true.  I found out that is not how it works.

You take the songs beats and then you can change the volume, you can overlap songs and you play with the beats of the song and that is how you get your remix.  I found out after 30 minutes which sucks but I found out and I am glad now I know.

I learned that there are many components to making music and making music sound good.  I found that very cool cause I never knew that and now I do.

Music is very complex and I am just getting started.  Another problem I had was actually the program itself.  I had no idea how to use the program and that was a big problem for me.  After watching tutorials I got a sense.  I only watched a couple tutorials and some didn’t really help me at all.

There were only one or two that really helped me.  I really had to find stuff out and I did which makes me even more proud of my composition. This program is difficult to use but once you get the hang of it you can really make quality stuff with it.

It is a great program and it is great for beginners.  You just have to play around and experiment with it!

How Music Works; Rhythm


In this project I had to make a rhythm which gave a hook to the listener. Basically a Riff that had a bass. I decided to add the base and make it an electric guitar. I think that the bass line really carries along the melody and keeps it going.

Without it, well it didn’t sound to good. It was very weird and awkward. When I added the bass it really brought the ominous part of the melody out and gave life to it.

My Beat

My Rhythm Riff

This is a screenshot of my beat or Rhythm Riff that I created.  The Rhythm Riff is above the screenshot.  The screenshot shows what notes I used.  The very bottom line or bass line is an electric guitar and the treble clef or the top notes are a piano.

Terms and Concepts


The beat or PULSE in a piece of music is the regular rhythmic pattern. Like the beating of your heart; heartbeat.


The SPEED at which a piece of music is to be played.


The STRESS given to a musical note.


The period of TIME during which a musical note is HELD OUT.


A specific rhythm determined by the NUMBER of beats AND the TIME VALUE assigned to each note.


The musical rhythms in a piece of music that accents a normally WEAK BEAT (off-beat/up-beat).

Cross Rhythm

A rhythm used simultaneously with another rhythm or rhythms. The use of two or more rhythms simultaneously.


When the meter of a piece of music consists of TWO BEATS per measure/bar.


When the meter of a piece of music consists of THREE BEATS per measure/bar.


When the meter of a piece of music consists of FOUR BEATS per measure/bar.


A gradual increase of tempo in a section of music.


A gradual decrease of tempo in a section of music.


A flexible tempo in a section of music.

What I learned and Problems I solved

One problem I had was the bass line/electric guitar.  I had to find out which note went with the flat and equaled it out but at the same time make the piece ominous.  I found that out after trial and error.

That is one thing I love about composing, you have to just try stuff without knowing.  That is what I did and I thought I found a great note combination!  That was a big problem for me but I did find a combination.  I learned on this project that you have to just let the music take you.

What I mean is don’t go for a specific sound.  Puke notes out and try them.  The notes on the treble clef were just put on there by me.  I did nothing with them before and I just threw them on there and saw how it worked out.

They sounded great and I really didn’t mean to put them there. I just threw them on there randomly.  I found that weird and very interesting!


Babies have Rhythm in the womb from the mom’s heart beat. The beat is the foundation of the song. There is a tempo in your brain and you can not help help it. Cross Rhythm was and is very famous. There is always a tempo in your brain and if you hear something off then you will notice it. Everyone has it and everyone wants the beat to be correct or it could possibly annoy them.


Harmony Recording Project


In this project we did not have to do a lot. All we had to do was make our own harmony and take a screen shot of it. My harmony is very weird but I really like it like that. It was not that difficult because a lot of the content is just a bunch of chords.

Chords already sound really nice and beautiful so it was not that difficult. I had fun on the project and I really like my harmony because it’s so bad it’s good.  It is so gross it’awesome! That probably doesn’t make sense but that’s my melody!


My Harmony

Melody and harmony screenshot

Harmony added to melody screenshot

Harmony Terms

Drone: Cross between a Violin a a sewing machine. At first it could only handle one note.

Chords: Foundation of western Harmony, usually 3 notes all in one bundle of sound.

Polyphony: 2 lines of independent melody


What I Learned and Problems I Solved

This project was not that hard because all we had to do was make a simple harmony and take a screen shot. I did learn though that Harmony does not play a big role in a piece of music but at the same time it does. It is in the background.

If you really listen you will hear it and sometimes it can be quite beautiful. Without harmony our music would not sound as good as it does. I didn’t really come into problems but I still did learn a lot though about harmony. I never realized how big of a role it plays. I found that cool because I had no idea. I thought it was always about the melody but apparently not!



Random Notes I took

Three note chords are the foundation of western harmony. Each string has multiple sounds using harmonics. Lots of pop music uses the Major and minor key. Sad music is minor and happy music is major. Music worked best with chords. Some notes were banned in the seventeen hundreds.  Lou poles were found though and they were called passing notes.

Creativity Ted Talk

Creativity is almost like another being or person. You’re not creative. Creative is you. Creativity is something you must be worthy of. If you do your part then creativity will come.

If you practice every night and get good at an instrument or writing or anything that takes skill you will be worthy. You’re worthy in the sense of creativity will hit you and if you are good at that skill then you will be able to use that creativity and go far with it.

Just because you fail does not mean you should quit or just give up. If you fail you learn from that, you cant give up. If you stop then you will never know what could have happened if you did not give up.

For me I have not always loved science but as long as I can remember I loved science. Science is the best thing and there will never be too much of science. I know that I want to work in the field of science.

I don’t know if that is astronomy, chemical engineering, biology? I honestly don’t know but I do know that I want to find stuff out that no one could have ever imagined existed. I want to work in the field of science. I love science more then I love me. Kind of sad but it is the truth. That is how much I love science and how much I love to find stuff out about it.

Microphones and Recording Project


What I did on this project took a lot of time and problem solving. I had to take lots of audio which was not the time consuming part. The one thing that took the most time was editing all of this together so it all flows. That was difficult because I had a little mess up and I watched tutorials for about an hour.

I then realized that I had done something before which messed it all up. This project was very difficult but I now feel very proud of what I did!


I used an Android phone for the intro and conclusion. They are a type of condenser microphone.

Terms and Concepts

Sensitivity or SPL: 160 DB

Impedance: 350 omhs

Frequency Response: 40 to 18000 Hertz

Pick up Patter: SuperCardoid

Dynamic Microphone


What I learned

I learned that question are always a good thing and that if you don’t ask whats on your mind then you will never get anywhere in life. With this project I had to ask lots of question and if I didn’t I don’t think I would have found out anything.

I hope Mr Le Duc was ok with that but I am glad I asked those questions. I messed up a lot but with questions and problem solving I got through the problems. I was proud of myself and I learned a lot about programs on this project which is great! I hope you enjoy the microphone project! Thank you!



Melody Recording Project


In this project I had to develop a harmony, download a MIDI file of my favorite melody, and do a few other things, but this is the main stuff. Making my melody was not too bad. I played around with the notes and I got through that pretty fast.

We had an hour to do that and I got it done with in that hour so that was cool. Another thing we had to do for this project was watch a lot of videos on melody. The class melody video was a huge help and that was a very good guide line because she explains it in such a simple way.

There were a lot of components that go in to making a good melody but they are not hard to include in your melody. This project was lots of fun because you got to call the melody your own which is really cool!

Lesson Melody

One of My Favorite Melodies

Midnight City

My Melody

In this project we had to make our own melody that built up tension and released it. An analogy is you ask a question (tension) and then when you answer that question (Release tension) then everything sounds fine and is ok.

What I wanted to do is have a base for the first three measures and have that same base in the last three measures. I had my rise of tension in the fifth measure when the pitch goes up and then back down.

In a way I was killing two birds with one stone because while rising tension and bringing it back down I was set up to get back to the tonic I started with. I had enough measures to be able to do that which was perfect.

It all worked out pretty well and I thought it turned out great and i’m really proud of it. I think what really helped is when our teacher gave us a video to watch and it included a lot of stuff about melody and how to make it.

I thought the video was very educational and very helpful. She explains it in such a simple and easy way that you don’t have to be musical or have any experience with music. It is really that simple. It will be linked under the screenshot of my melody. Watch it, it is very helpful.

Rise in tension occurs at second 16 and release in tension occurs at second 18


Melody Composition Terms

Theme: A long moladic idea

Motive: a short rhythmic idea

Period: 8 measures, standard period

Phrase: 4 measures; 2 make a period of music

Antecedent (Question) Phrase: The First Phrase, Like asking a question that the second phrase must answer

Consequent (Answer) Phrase: Second phrase is the consequent phrase

Scale Degrees: Subdominant and the Dominant Cause Tension; The Super Tonic, Sub Mediant and the Mediant release Tension and the Tonic is the starting and ending point

Steps:any movement using half or whole steps

Leaps: Any movement using intervals larger then a whole step

Conjunct motion: melody built primarily out of steps

Disjunct motion: melody built primarily out of leaps

Repetition: Use repeated material to create a link between the two phrases of a period

Contrast: write two phrases

Variation half way between repetition and contrast

What I Learned and Problems I Solved

I learned that you have to start on the tonic note and end on the tonic note. Its like a vacation. Start at home and you end at home. I also learned that you can’t have a bunch of steps and you can’t have a lot of leaps. You have to have a good amount of each and equal them out.

If you have too many leaps then your music composition won’t sound as well because it is all over the place. If you have too many steps then your music composition will sound like it is going nowhere so you really have to equal it all out.

If you equal it all out then it will sound even and equal. You also have to rise tension in measure four to measure five. In order to rise this tension or ask the question you have to go to a note opposite of the tonic in pitch.

If you start on middle C then you have to have a note that is high because that causes tension. By tension I mean something that is not normal with the start of the melody. If you start on a higher C then you have to go to a lower note because that will cause tension.

This note must be different from the rest or these notes must be different from the rest. If you do all of this then your melody has all of the components, or at least most of the components of a good and powerful melody!

A problem I had was having tension but at the same time having the notes sync up and sound good. This was difficult because the project was being graded on whether you have that tension but I also wanted it to sound good.

This was a struggle for me but after playing around with it I got what I wanted in the melody and to me it sounded awesome! That was the only big problem I ran into but I got through it and honestly it wasn’t too big of a deal.

My Riff

This Riff I made did not take a lot of thought which I was very surprised about! I threw these 3 notes together and I really liked the sounds of them together. I had 7 notes but they were kind of just a scale so I took them out. Le Duc my teacher gave us 30 minutes to get this Riff down.

I finished with in the first 10 minutes which I was surprised about. I always pictured people spending hours and hours just to get the tune of a song.

I was clearly wrong! I really like the Riff I made and the website I used was and it is a great website. I encourage you to use it if you want to just make a simple 3 note Riff which is what I did. It is very simple and you don’t have to be musical at all!

My Favorite Song

My favorite song is easily Midnight City because it is complex but simple at the same time. I love how it is dub-step but it is not all beats, it also has singing in it. I don’t know the band well but I love that song and it has gotten me through bad days, workouts and is a great relaxation song .

I love the song and I don’t think I will ever stop listening to it. Its message is about giving back to the community from what I hear. I think it is an ABC structure because at the end there is a difference in the song and then ends off with a part of the song that has already occurred.

Sound Term Notes


Audio Signal

  • An electronic representation of the actual sound wave

Dynamic Microphone

  • In a dynamic microphone a thin diaphragm is connected to a coil of wire called a voice coil which is precisely suspended over a powerful magnet.
  • As the sound waves strike the diaphragm it cause it to vibrate, moving the voice coil through the magnetic field generated by the magnet which generates a small bit of electricity which is sent down the output leads.
  • This is the electromagnetic principle.
  • ADVANTAGE: They are simply constructed and can handle loud sources without much distortion.
  • DISADVANTAGE: They are weak when trying to capture soft distant sources because the diaphragm needs lot of sound energy to move.
  • DISADVANTAGE: dynamic microphones have a heavy diaphragm along with the additional weight of the coil of wire.
    • It therefore takes longer for the diaphragm to react to a sound wave due to the effects of inertia hence causing a less accurate recording.

Ribbon Microphone

  • Variation on the dynamic microphone.
  • Ribbon microphones are almost exclusively used in the studio, not for location audio.
  • Instead of using a coil, ribbon microphones use a small strand of very thin 2 microns thick aluminum ribbon.
  • ADVANTAGE: It is more responsive to high frequencies
  • DISADVANTAGE: It is fragile and prone to tearing
  • Only used in studio because it is so fragile

Condenser Microphone

  • There’s no coil.
  • Condensers use two charged plates, one fixed and one which can move acting like a diaphragm.
  • The two charged electric plates create what’s called a capacitor. As sound waves strike the electrically charged diaphragm, it moves in relation to the fixed plate changing its capacitance and generating a very small electric charge which is amplified inside the microphone.
  • This is the electrostatic principle.
  • ADVANTAGE: Because you’re not moving a coil, condensers can be more responsive in the high frequencies.
  • ADVANTAGE: Because you don’t have any magnets, condenser microphones can be made very small.
  • Because condensers work with electrically charged plates, that means they require some sort of outside power.
  • Some microphones have the option of an onboard battery while all condensers can utilitize something called Phantom Power.

Phantom Power

  • +48v of energy sent down the microphone cable to a condenser microphone from the audio recording or mixing board. This power enables the electrically charged diaphragm to move in response to sound waves.

Directional Response

  • Directional response is represented by something called a polar pattern.
  • Can pick up all of the unwanted sound in the area

Polar Pattern

  • Polar pattern is how well the microphone “hears“ sound from different directions.

“On Axis” and “Off Axis”

  • On axis is directly in front of the sound source.
  • Off axis is not directly in front of the sound source.

Omnidirectional Mics

  • This mic polar pattern is responsive to sound from all directions, you don’t have to be “on axis” to be picked up.
  • Lavalier and lapel mics are small condenser microphones with an omnidirectional pickup pattern that can be placed on a person.
  • Boundary mics are omnidirectional condenser mics. They are positioned flush with a surface that capture sound as it rolls off the flat surface. Boundary mics are used in stage production and conference tables.
  • ADVANTAGE: These mics are useful for picking up sound in a general area.
  • ADVANTAGE: Lavalier / lapel mics are small and can be placed just about anywhere.
  • ADVANTAGE: Boundary mics do not draw attention to themselves because they lay flat on the floor or wall.
  • DISADVANTAGE: They will pick up all the unwanted sound in the area.
  • DISADVANTAGE: Lavalier, lapel, and boundary mics won’t have the same richness of sound as a shotgun or studio condenser mic.

Directional Mics: Cardioid Pattern

  • Most basic pattern.
  • ADVANTAGE: Picks up what’s in front but not behind.
  • ADVANTAGE: It is suited for live performance as it picks up the sound on axis but won’t pick up what’s behind it, like crowd noise or feedback from a speaker.

Directional Mics: Hypercardioid and Supercardioid Patterns

  • More directional than cardioid.
  • Picks up the front and sides and rejects 150 degrees to the rear.
  • Shotgun mics are supercardioid.
  • ADVANTAGE: Great for recording location audio while trying to filter out some of the unwanted ambient sound.
  • DISADVANTAGE: Can exhibit strange phasing sound effects when used in small spaces.

Directional Mics: Figure 8 Pickup Pattern / Bi-directional

  • The polar pattern looks like a figure 8.
  • ADVANTAGE: Useful for certain musical applications or interviews with a person on each side of the mic.
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