In this project we did not have to do a lot. All we had to do was make our own harmony and take a screen shot of it. My harmony is very weird but I really like it like that. It was not that difficult because a lot of the content is just a bunch of chords.
Chords already sound really nice and beautiful so it was not that difficult. I had fun on the project and I really like my harmony because it’s so bad it’s good. It is so gross it’awesome! That probably doesn’t make sense but that’s my melody!
Harmony added to melody screenshot
Drone: Cross between a Violin a a sewing machine. At first it could only handle one note.
Chords: Foundation of western Harmony, usually 3 notes all in one bundle of sound.
Polyphony: 2 lines of independent melody
What I Learned and Problems I Solved
This project was not that hard because all we had to do was make a simple harmony and take a screen shot. I did learn though that Harmony does not play a big role in a piece of music but at the same time it does. It is in the background.
If you really listen you will hear it and sometimes it can be quite beautiful. Without harmony our music would not sound as good as it does. I didn’t really come into problems but I still did learn a lot though about harmony. I never realized how big of a role it plays. I found that cool because I had no idea. I thought it was always about the melody but apparently not!
Random Notes I took
Three note chords are the foundation of western harmony. Each string has multiple sounds using harmonics. Lots of pop music uses the Major and minor key. Sad music is minor and happy music is major. Music worked best with chords. Some notes were banned in the seventeen hundreds. Lou poles were found though and they were called passing notes.
Creativity is almost like another being or person. You’re not creative. Creative is you. Creativity is something you must be worthy of. If you do your part then creativity will come.
If you practice every night and get good at an instrument or writing or anything that takes skill you will be worthy. You’re worthy in the sense of creativity will hit you and if you are good at that skill then you will be able to use that creativity and go far with it.
Just because you fail does not mean you should quit or just give up. If you fail you learn from that, you cant give up. If you stop then you will never know what could have happened if you did not give up.
For me I have not always loved science but as long as I can remember I loved science. Science is the best thing and there will never be too much of science. I know that I want to work in the field of science.
I don’t know if that is astronomy, chemical engineering, biology? I honestly don’t know but I do know that I want to find stuff out that no one could have ever imagined existed. I want to work in the field of science. I love science more then I love me. Kind of sad but it is the truth. That is how much I love science and how much I love to find stuff out about it.
What I did on this project took a lot of time and problem solving. I had to take lots of audio which was not the time consuming part. The one thing that took the most time was editing all of this together so it all flows. That was difficult because I had a little mess up and I watched tutorials for about an hour.
I then realized that I had done something before which messed it all up. This project was very difficult but I now feel very proud of what I did!
I used an Android phone for the intro and conclusion. They are a type of condenser microphone.
Terms and Concepts
Sensitivity or SPL: 160 DB
Impedance: 350 omhs
Frequency Response: 40 to 18000 Hertz
Pick up Patter: SuperCardoid
What I learned
I learned that question are always a good thing and that if you don’t ask whats on your mind then you will never get anywhere in life. With this project I had to ask lots of question and if I didn’t I don’t think I would have found out anything.
I hope Mr Le Duc was ok with that but I am glad I asked those questions. I messed up a lot but with questions and problem solving I got through the problems. I was proud of myself and I learned a lot about programs on this project which is great! I hope you enjoy the microphone project! Thank you!
In this project I had to develop a harmony, download a MIDI file of my favorite melody, and do a few other things, but this is the main stuff. Making my melody was not too bad. I played around with the notes and I got through that pretty fast.
We had an hour to do that and I got it done with in that hour so that was cool. Another thing we had to do for this project was watch a lot of videos on melody. The class melody video was a huge help and that was a very good guide line because she explains it in such a simple way.
There were a lot of components that go in to making a good melody but they are not hard to include in your melody. This project was lots of fun because you got to call the melody your own which is really cool!
One of My Favorite Melodies
In this project we had to make our own melody that built up tension and released it. An analogy is you ask a question (tension) and then when you answer that question (Release tension) then everything sounds fine and is ok.
What I wanted to do is have a base for the first three measures and have that same base in the last three measures. I had my rise of tension in the fifth measure when the pitch goes up and then back down.
In a way I was killing two birds with one stone because while rising tension and bringing it back down I was set up to get back to the tonic I started with. I had enough measures to be able to do that which was perfect.
It all worked out pretty well and I thought it turned out great and i’m really proud of it. I think what really helped is when our teacher gave us a video to watch and it included a lot of stuff about melody and how to make it.
I thought the video was very educational and very helpful. She explains it in such a simple and easy way that you don’t have to be musical or have any experience with music. It is really that simple. It will be linked under the screenshot of my melody. Watch it, it is very helpful.
Rise in tension occurs at second 16 and release in tension occurs at second 18
Melody Composition Terms
Theme: A long moladic idea
Motive: a short rhythmic idea
Period: 8 measures, standard period
Phrase: 4 measures; 2 make a period of music
Antecedent (Question) Phrase: The First Phrase, Like asking a question that the second phrase must answer
Consequent (Answer) Phrase: Second phrase is the consequent phrase
Scale Degrees: Subdominant and the Dominant Cause Tension; The Super Tonic, Sub Mediant and the Mediant release Tension and the Tonic is the starting and ending point
Steps:any movement using half or whole steps
Leaps: Any movement using intervals larger then a whole step
Conjunct motion: melody built primarily out of steps
Disjunct motion: melody built primarily out of leaps
Repetition: Use repeated material to create a link between the two phrases of a period
Contrast: write two phrases
Variation half way between repetition and contrast
What I Learned and Problems I Solved
I learned that you have to start on the tonic note and end on the tonic note. Its like a vacation. Start at home and you end at home. I also learned that you can’t have a bunch of steps and you can’t have a lot of leaps. You have to have a good amount of each and equal them out.
If you have too many leaps then your music composition won’t sound as well because it is all over the place. If you have too many steps then your music composition will sound like it is going nowhere so you really have to equal it all out.
If you equal it all out then it will sound even and equal. You also have to rise tension in measure four to measure five. In order to rise this tension or ask the question you have to go to a note opposite of the tonic in pitch.
If you start on middle C then you have to have a note that is high because that causes tension. By tension I mean something that is not normal with the start of the melody. If you start on a higher C then you have to go to a lower note because that will cause tension.
This note must be different from the rest or these notes must be different from the rest. If you do all of this then your melody has all of the components, or at least most of the components of a good and powerful melody!
A problem I had was having tension but at the same time having the notes sync up and sound good. This was difficult because the project was being graded on whether you have that tension but I also wanted it to sound good.
This was a struggle for me but after playing around with it I got what I wanted in the melody and to me it sounded awesome! That was the only big problem I ran into but I got through it and honestly it wasn’t too big of a deal.
This Riff I made did not take a lot of thought which I was very surprised about! I threw these 3 notes together and I really liked the sounds of them together. I had 7 notes but they were kind of just a scale so I took them out. Le Duc my teacher gave us 30 minutes to get this Riff down.
I finished with in the first 10 minutes which I was surprised about. I always pictured people spending hours and hours just to get the tune of a song.
I was clearly wrong! I really like the Riff I made and the website I used was flat.io and it is a great website. I encourage you to use it if you want to just make a simple 3 note Riff which is what I did. It is very simple and you don’t have to be musical at all!
My favorite song is easily Midnight City because it is complex but simple at the same time. I love how it is dub-step but it is not all beats, it also has singing in it. I don’t know the band well but I love that song and it has gotten me through bad days, workouts and is a great relaxation song .
I love the song and I don’t think I will ever stop listening to it. Its message is about giving back to the community from what I hear. I think it is an ABC structure because at the end there is a difference in the song and then ends off with a part of the song that has already occurred.
An electronic representation of the actual sound wave
In a dynamic microphone a thin diaphragm is connected to a coil of wire called a voice coil which is precisely suspended over a powerful magnet.
As the sound waves strike the diaphragm it cause it to vibrate, moving the voice coil through the magnetic field generated by the magnet which generates a small bit of electricity which is sent down the output leads.
This is the electromagnetic principle.
ADVANTAGE: They are simply constructed and can handle loud sources without much distortion.
DISADVANTAGE: They are weak when trying to capture soft distant sources because the diaphragm needs lot of sound energy to move.
DISADVANTAGE: dynamic microphones have a heavy diaphragm along with the additional weight of the coil of wire.
It therefore takes longer for the diaphragm to react to a sound wave due to the effects of inertia hence causing a less accurate recording.
Variation on the dynamic microphone.
Ribbon microphones are almost exclusively used in the studio, not for location audio.
Instead of using a coil, ribbon microphones use a small strand of very thin 2 microns thick aluminum ribbon.
ADVANTAGE: It is more responsive to high frequencies
DISADVANTAGE: It is fragile and prone to tearing
Only used in studio because it is so fragile
There’s no coil.
Condensers use two charged plates, one fixed and one which can move acting like a diaphragm.
The two charged electric plates create what’s called a capacitor. As sound waves strike the electrically charged diaphragm, it moves in relation to the fixed plate changing its capacitance and generating a very small electric charge which is amplified inside the microphone.
This is the electrostatic principle.
ADVANTAGE: Because you’re not moving a coil, condensers can be more responsive in the high frequencies.
ADVANTAGE: Because you don’t have any magnets, condenser microphones can be made very small.
Because condensers work with electrically charged plates, that means they require some sort of outside power.
Some microphones have the option of an onboard battery while all condensers can utilitize something called Phantom Power.
+48v of energy sent down the microphone cable to a condenser microphone from the audio recording or mixing board. This power enables the electrically charged diaphragm to move in response to sound waves.
Directional response is represented by something called a polar pattern.
Can pick up all of the unwanted sound in the area
Polar pattern is how well the microphone “hears“ sound from different directions.
“On Axis” and “Off Axis”
On axis is directly in front of the sound source.
Off axis is not directly in front of the sound source.
This mic polar pattern is responsive to sound from all directions, you don’t have to be “on axis” to be picked up.
Lavalier and lapel mics are small condenser microphones with an omnidirectional pickup pattern that can be placed on a person.
Boundary mics are omnidirectional condenser mics. They are positioned flush with a surface that capture sound as it rolls off the flat surface. Boundary mics are used in stage production and conference tables.
ADVANTAGE: These mics are useful for picking up sound in a general area.
ADVANTAGE: Lavalier / lapel mics are small and can be placed just about anywhere.
ADVANTAGE: Boundary mics do not draw attention to themselves because they lay flat on the floor or wall.
DISADVANTAGE: They will pick up all the unwanted sound in the area.
DISADVANTAGE: Lavalier, lapel, and boundary mics won’t have the same richness of sound as a shotgun or studio condenser mic.
Directional Mics: Cardioid Pattern
Most basic pattern.
ADVANTAGE: Picks up what’s in front but not behind.
ADVANTAGE: It is suited for live performance as it picks up the sound on axis but won’t pick up what’s behind it, like crowd noise or feedback from a speaker.
Directional Mics: Hypercardioid and Supercardioid Patterns
More directional than cardioid.
Picks up the front and sides and rejects 150 degrees to the rear.
Shotgun mics are supercardioid.
ADVANTAGE: Great for recording location audio while trying to filter out some of the unwanted ambient sound.
DISADVANTAGE: Can exhibit strange phasing sound effects when used in small spaces.
For the Sound Wave Project I had to study a term and make a slideshow about it. My term was Longitudinal Waves. If you want to learn what this means click on the presentation. For the presentation I had to make, it had to include information about this term.
I used a video that gave me all of the information I needed for this term. This term was difficult and had multiple elements making it up which was difficult because in a way I had three terms. I powered through it and I thought the finished product was great and when I presented in class people loved it. I am very proud of it and I hope you enjoy watching it.
I started the project by watching the video below the presentation. I watched that a couple times to get a grasp of what longitudinal waves are and once I got a grasp I started making the presentation. I started putting information on the slides and pictures as well.
The biggest part that was the most time consuming was the presentation with the information. Getting the information into my own words was difficult and took the most time. I managed my time well and got it done and I thought I did a great job!
I learned how to make a quality presentation. I learned that it must be down to the point but at the same time get people interested enough so they will focus their attention on the presentation.
I learned a lot about sound waves from other presentations as well and stuff I didn’t even know existed like Hertz.
I had no idea what that meant and I learned what it meant today which I was pretty stoked about! I learned how some terms take multiple terms or elements to describe it which I found interesting. This project really helped me understand sound which was very cool! Thanks Le Duc!!!!
For the A Day in My Life Documentary I had to do a lot. Of course this project was doable but it still had its hardships. First I had to write my script which wasn’t too bad because all it is is explaining my life and that was very easy.
Another step that I had to take was getting into YouTube editor. I had to take pictures from Flickr and get all the info on them as well. I had to get all of the information because of copyright which was very time consuming.
I then had to put all of the pictures in order so it would match the audio. Organizing all of the pictures was difficult because you had to have the perfect time for the picture because it had to line up with the audio but with some time I got it. One problem I had was getting the image to download onto the YouTube editor.
What I had to do was click the download button with an arrow pointing down, not copy and paste it. That was dumb of me but I got through it and problem solved. I was also doing a great job staying on task and I worked until I felt good about it.
I was surprised at how well I stayed on task and I was very proud of myself. I am usually on task but I do know that sometimes I can get off task and I decided to work on that during this class. I think i’m doing alright so far and this class has really helped me to learn how to stay on task.
Script for a day in my life
My name is Jake Olson and this is my kind of cool life.
Its ok but I start the morning by getting up and getting ready.
I spend about one hour getting ready for school and bed.
I then travel to school with my mom and on bad days my sister.
Traveling takes about 1 hour as well as getting to school and back.
I spend usually about 6 and half hours at school. School takes up the majority of the day but does not take the most time coming in a close second.
After school I finish that other half of traveling to make up that hour. Usually when I get home I spend time with my family.
I spend about 2 hours with my family. After that I get my 30 minutes of exercise done and 30 minutes of reading done. This altogether takes about an hour.
Ending my day, I have about 2 and a half hours of free time. This can consist of TV, listening to music, Xbox one and more.
After my free time, I get ready for bed finishing the other half of getting ready which takes about an hour, morning and night.
After I get ready I go to bed which takes up most of the time in my day.
I sleep for about 9 hours a night which completes my day
The story board I followed to do this project. Now just in case you’re wondering, this was a doodle, this is not me actually trying to draw. My teacher said just sketch it and get it done. Now my real artistic skill are not much better, but they’re better! Thank you
Video of Day in My Life Tutorial 1 with YouTube Video Editor from Scott Le Duc at http://capitalcomtech.info/rock/ on July 19th. This is one of the tutorials that really helped me on this project. If you do this project I suggest you use this!
What I learned
I learned a lot while doing this project such as how the basics of audio work, how the basics of editing works and other basics. This project was not an in depth project so I am definitely not an expert but I did learn a lot.
I learned that you must give 4 things to the creator of the picture, video, whatever the work is you must give these 4 things or you could be sewed. Date, what the date of that day was such as July 20th. You had to give credit to the website that had the picture on it that you took. You have to give the author credit which is just saying his or her name.
Finally, you must put the name of the picture, what the author named it. I learned all of this and I had no idea that was how you did it. I knew you had to give some credit but I didn’t even know how. I am very glad I learned that because that will really come in handy in college, high school and in general life!
Creative Commons image by @opensource.com Image name: Creative Commons music at Flickr.com on July 20th
Copyright: If you would like to use some work you must ask permission from the author or maker giving you permission to use this work
Creative Commons: Allows you to set rules or boundaries on your work letting people know they can use the work but can’t make money or you can use it but you can’t take credit for it. Those are just a few of many rules.